The Government of Afghanistan is primarily focused on the economic cooperation and political stability for the progress of the country. Afghanistan has a collective approach in creating policies to work with the regional countries in bringing peace, prosperity and friendly relations among themselves. The Government of Afghanistan has a positive outlook to work with the regional countries for the development. Afghanistan is the member of the South Asia Association Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the Regional Economic Cooperation of Afghanistan (RECCA), the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) and Heart of Asia. Through regional cooperation Afghanistan aims to achieve the following objectives: improve trading opportunities; integrate itself with the regional rail and road networks; to be an important partner in regional energy markets; Eliminate narcotics trade; and Achieve Millennium Development Goals. Economic regional cooperation projects are set up to bring development through integration.





  1. The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI)

The creation of TAPI aimed to initialize inclusive growth potential in mooting significant task to ease the energy deficit of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan as the pipeline will carry 33 billion cubic meters of gas per year alongside. The gas pipeline will start from Galkynysh gas field in Turkmenistan connecting with Afghanistan’s Herat-Kandahar highway, then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan ending up at Fazilka that is India’s town bordering Pakistan. The TAPI project is funded by the Asian Development Bank. The inauguration ceremony for the construction of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India scheduled to be held on 23 February, 2018 in Herat.







  1. Chabahar port

The Chabahar port is aimed at enhancing trade and transit opportunities between Iran-Afghanistan-India can exercise economic potential and viability across the region. Chabahar port will add a new dimension in the bilateral cooperation with India-Iran-Afghanistan. The trilateral pact signed between India-Iran-Afghanistan in 2016 gave clear indication of prioritizing economic engagement in bringing prosperity and engineering trade relations in the region. There are immense investment opportunities available in this zone that will not only enhance business and trade between India-Iran and Afghanistan but also connecting to other regions of the world. In February, Tehran leased out India of operational Control of the Iranian east coast port of Chabahar for eighteen months.





  1. Multi-layer Railway cooperation project

There is tremendous opportunity in the expansion of Afghanistan Railway Network which will boost trade and investment through enhanced transit route. The Afghanistan’s Railway Authority was established in 2012 to integrate Afghanistan’s national rail system and to link the neighboring provinces of Afghanistan such as Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, and Herat, Sheberghan, Mazar-e-Sharif, Kunduz and other cities. The main railway network project in Afghanistan is mentioned below.

(A). Khawaf-Herat Railway corridor

(B). Herat-Torghondi Poert Railway Line

(C). Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan (TAT) Railway

(D). Aqina-Andkhoy Railway Line

(E). Andkhoy-Sheberghan-Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Line

(F). Kholm-Shirkhan Bandar-Kunduz segment of TAT and five nation’s railway line.

(G). Jalalabad-Torkham-LandiKotal Railway project

(H). North-South Rail Line through Hajigak and Aynak









  1. Central Asia South Asia (CASA-1000)

CASA-1000 project aims to provide construct power transmission lines in Afghanistan. The infrastructure is a necessary node in the CASA-1000 project, which aims to bring 1,300 megawatts (MW) of electricity from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan into Afghanistan and Pakistan.


















  1. The Lapis Lazuli Route

The Lapis Lazuli route comprises part of Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program Transport Corridor #2, stretching in China in the East through the Krgyz Republic, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to Azerbaijan in the West. The Lapis Lazuli Corridor agreement is of immense importance creating opportunities for trade expansion and building regional connectivity.







  1. ‘Heart of Asia’ Istanbul Process

The Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA) was founded on November 2nd, 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. The Heart of Asia provides a platform for sincere and results-oriented regional cooperation by placing Afghanistan at its center, in recognition of the fact that a secure and stable Afghanistan is vital to the prosperity of the Heart of Asia region. This platform was established to address the shared challenges and interests of Afghanistan and its neighbors and regional partners. The Heart of Asia is comprised of 14 participating countries, 17 supporting countries, and 12 supporting regional and international organizations.


  1. Afghanistan-India Air Corridor Programme

The air corridor programme between Afghanistan-India was established in June 2017. The decision to establish an air freight corridor between Afghanistan and India was taken in the meeting between President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and in September 2016 during the President’s visit to India. Through air freight corridor Afghanistan-India aims to enhance economic ties by boosting Afghan trade and to get access to wider market in India. The impetus of the first Afghan-Indo air corridor programme led to the expansion of Kabul-Mumbai programme. Envisioning for better economic ties Afghanistan-India air freight programme has taken giant strides to reach global markets. At present Afghanistan’s major export to India are fresh and dried fruits, dried, precious/ semi-precious stones, etc. India’s export to Afghanistan are man-made filaments, articles of apparels and clothing accessories, pharmaceutical products, cereals, man-made staple fibers, tobacco products, dairy and poultry products. Kabul-Mumbai, Kabul-New Delhi and Kandahar-New Delhi air cargo freights twice every week. With the successive of the two trade links, expectedly Kandahar-Amritsar,Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif and Jalalabad will be initialized in near future. The air corridor programmes hopes to deepen economic relation between Afghanistan and India.

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