There is increasing recognition that women entrepreneurs are the new engines for inclusive and sustainable industrial growth, and are the rising stars of economies in developing countries. Any developing countries, such as least developed country like Afghanistan strongly suggest that peace and democracy are advanced when societies become educated, respect grows for human rights, and equal rights and education are provided for women and girls. It is estimated that if women starts businesses at the same rate as men, global GDP would be better off to the tune of $28 trillion by 2025.

Women entrepreneurs operate in different sector with simple majority (72%) in traditional sector such as handicraft, food processing and agriculture, and a few (28%) in non-traditional sectors such as logistic, carpentry, ICT services, and business consultancy. Most of the entrepreneurs (58%) are sole proprietors and 22 % are either involved in a partnership or own family business. Majority of women businesses serve local market. Only 19 % export to other countries such as Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, and USA.•As per the Women Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Afghanistan reports, October 2016- women–owned businesses have created 47,861 employment opportunities.

There are 8 million students enrolled in school, more than a third of whom are girls. University enrolment has increased from 8,000 in 2001 to 77,000, including 19,000 females. Women constitute 28% of the Lower House of Afghanistan’s Parliament and 18% of the Upper House, including four women Cabinet ministers and nine female deputy ministers.

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