The Government of Afghanistan is comprised of 25 ministries, the Attorney General Office, Central Bank, National Security Directorate and other General and Independent Directorates and Entities, under the chairmanship of the President of the country.


The President shall appoint the Ministers, the Attorney General, the Head of the Central Bank, the National Security Director as well as the members of Independent Commission for Overseeing the Implementation of Constitution with the endorsement of the House of People. In case of attaining vote of confidence from the House of People, they will work as the head or responsible authorities of the administrative units in the framework specified for them by the constitution and other laws.


The Ministers and Heads of the Independent Directorates shall be accountable for their work to the President and the House of People.


Based upon the Constitution, the Executive shall have the duties of executing the provisions of this Constitution, other laws, as well as the final decisions of the courts; Preserve the independence, defend the territorial integrity and safeguard the interests and prestige of Afghanistan in the international community; Defend and safeguard the basic rights of the citizens; Maintain public law and order and eliminate every kind of administrative corruption; Prepare the budget, regulate financial conditions of the state as well as protect public wealth; Devise and implement social, cultural, economic and technological development programs.


Preserving the principles of centralism, the administration of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan includes central administrative units such as the ministries, independent general directorates and entities in center and their representations are in the provinces and districts.


The government programs in various sectors shall be compiled by the central units each year that include the ministries, independent directorates and entities and after the endorsement of the National Assembly in the framework of annual national budget are implemented and executed in the provinces by the representatives of the ministries and independent entities.


For the better coordination and management of the provincial affairs, as the direct representative of the President, governor is the head of local government and accountable to the President.


In the districts, district governor is the head of local administration that has the responsibility of the leadership of local administrations and is directly accountable to the relevant provincial governor.


Role of provincial council in each province and district council in each district, as elected entities, shall be to counsel the local administration regarding the implementation of the government programs.


In the cities, the mayor and members of municipal councils shall be elected through free, general, secret and direct elections whose responsibility are to manage and provide municipal services.

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